From IPS News comes a fascinating account of life at the bottom of the pyramid on an irregular and unpredictable income, some key snippets:
Another trader, who refused to be named, told IPS that she has managed to turn her life around by trading on the roadside.
‘‘I look after my four children and the three that were left by my sister who died five years ago. By selling things along this road I have managed to send them to school and buy a few goats. All I am asking for is support with agricultural inputs and fertiliser from the government and the creation of proper places where we can operate from,’’ she told IPS.
Many of the women used to travel hundreds of kilometres on an almost daily basis, perched on top of heavily loaded trucks to sell their goods at the main market in the capital of Harare.
‘‘These days business is better because motorists always pass through this place to pick up things because they have become expensive in town. If I am to take these tomatoes to town, the price will be high because I have to pay for transport in United States dollars,’’ explained Alice Borerwa, a roadside trader selling vegetables along the Harare-Mutare highway.
But where do these women get land to do market gardening in a country where it is such a contentious commodity and land ownership is based on state authorisation?
‘‘We formed a cooperative in 2005 and approached our member of parliament whom we asked to secure some land for us. We were given water-clogged land which we are now using with the help of well-wishers to do market gardening,’’ Borerwa, who is a mother of three, told IPS.
I asked her to describe a typical day for her and the 15 other members of their Kubatana Cooperative.
‘‘We wake up around four in the morning and harvest the ripe tomatoes, onions, carrots and other vegetables before watering the produce. We do this in shifts, so it’s either you are at the garden or selling along the highway.
‘‘Fortunately these days there is no need for watering the produce because of the rains. Usually we are next to the road at five am until 10 pm,’’ said Borerwa.
Most motorists now opt to drive to out of town to buy vegetables as the prices in the cities are out of reach for many urban dwellers. The prices of the produce range from 10 dollars for a 10 kg bag of tomatoes or onions to 20 dollars for five kg of mushrooms. But IPS learnt that these prices are very much negotiable, depending on availability.
Prices are also affected by stiff competition: at one roadside trading area there can be more than 50 women selling the same commodities.
In the cities and towns high prices are pegged uniformly. ‘‘I manage to sell by giving extras to those who buy more. If somebody buys things for more than 20 dollars, I will include a bunch of vegetables worth two dollars for free,’’ said Chingwe.
In some instances trade is conducted by means of barter as traders exchange commodities for household goods such as washing soap, cooking oil or even clothes.
‘‘We always try and measure what’s best for our families. If someone brings school shoes or clothes that my child can wear to school, I am more than willing to exchange these for commodities. After all, the money doesn't buy much when you go to the shops,’’ explained Chingwe.
The women have used the incomes from the roadside trade to keep their children in school and to look after them at a time when the country is on a rough political and economic path.