Tag Archives: formalization

Zambia’s inclusive approach to various sectors in the informal economy is worth noting

By | February 8, 2018

The Zambian government most recently announced that they would provide certificates to illegal (artisanal) miners in order to recognize and formalize their activities. In addition, they were being encouraged to form cooperatives – a legally recognized organizational structure – that would permit further benefits to this informal sector. Compared to the challenges Ghana is facing… Read More »

Deconstructing “Formalization” as Panacea for the Informal Economy

By | July 22, 2017

IGO definitions of the informal economy are crafted from a top down perspective (Global North*) of the operating environment prevalent in the economies of the developing world (Global South*). Further, they do not distinguish between the operating environment of the shadow economies of OECD nations, and those which encompass the unorganized sectors of trade and… Read More »

Uber’s app lowers barriers to formalization for unorganized taxi industry in Kenya

By | March 7, 2016

This interesting article in the Kenyan news made me think about the role that an app like Uber could play in markets where there’s a high proportion of informal & unregulated business activity. As with much technological advancement, resistance comes with change. Mpesa and the internet were once thought to be passing fads and have… Read More »