Shankar Jadhar’s friends describe him as an “all-rounder”. The 40 year old Dharavi resident is married with 5 children and lives close to the traffic island which he has laid unofficial claim to, from where he conducts his business. He had been a barber for 20 years but when the road was altered 5 years back he lost his barber’s stall. Now he’s set up a makeshift stall and a shack to store items for his work in Dharavi’s recycling chain, encompassing multiple sources of income from the single location.
He buys various items (shoe soles, plastic bottles, glass bottles, wiring for its coper content) from local ragpickers which he then sorts and cleans up to sell on to middle men who deliver specific goods to recycling units elsewhere in Dharavi. There are bigger operations that do the same job utilising salaried workers but Shankar enjoys the independence of being self employed and amongst his community as he works. He makes better money from his recycling enterprise than his barber stall so he’ll make haircut & shaving customers wait till evening if he has a big haul of recyclables to get through.
On average he profits Rs 150-200 per day. Sometimes he employs up to 2 others to assist when he has a lot to get through (paying Rs 30-50 per day). On further questioning of his friends it seems that often others help him for short periods at no cost as his spot is a kind of neighbourhood hangout centre – though I’ve noted on numerous visits that Shankar is always busy on something and doesn’t sit around himself. Although he has erected a semi-permanent structure on the traffic island, the authorities have turned a blind eye due to the bribes he pays 2-3 times a year (Rs 100-200). Being well regarded in the area, Shankar has never been a victim of theft.
During monsoon his earnings are reduced by around 25-35%. He also fails to earn if he is sick or during the 3-4 weddings he attends a year plus income drops during the monsoon season. I’ve started to discuss savings and loans with him and will be getting more into this during upcoming interviews. His income is supplemented by his wife’s Rs 2000 per month salary which she earns washing dishes, etc for a middle class family in Bandra for 4 hours daily.